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    ArchitectureWeek Notes No. 577
    Dear ArchitectureWeek Readers,

    ArchitectureWeek No. 577 is now available on the Web, with these new design and building features, and more.

    Senger House

    The Senger House shows a deeply beautiful interweaving and modulation of space, typical of Maybeck, expressed in an earthy Craftsman palette of regionally-appropriate natural materials and finishes. Photo: David Duncan Livingston

    Maybeck's Senger House
    by Lucia Howard, David Weingarten and Daniel P. Gregory

    Known in the San Francisco Bay Area with considerable affection as Brown Shingles, these redwood shingle-swathed buildings of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries embody a signal period in the region's history.

    Set with lush gardens, alongside and occasionally across brooks and streams, planned around and complementing the topography and landscape of their sites, made of natural materials, Brown Shingles gave architectural form to distinctively Bay Area social values in the realms of nature, art, and freedoms of all types.

    These are precisely the same regional values that fueled a range of local movements over the course of a century, from the Sierra Club to the Summer of Love, and gave rise to diverse characters from John Muir to Allen Ginsberg.

    In Berkeley, especially, where shingled houses, churches, and institutional buildings surround and infiltrate the great university campus, and hold their ground among a dense hodgepodge of later buildings, the Brown Shingles embody the legacy of the early naturalist intellectuals who during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries set out the relationship between this place and ways of living within it.

    Living, working, learning, meeting, and praying in redwood-sheathed Brown Shingles, set in the midst of a dense, left coast Edenic landscape, was at once reality and metaphor--a modern, artistic life inhabiting the redwood trees of the ancient, primeval forest.

    The Senger House

    Set closely alongside its North Berkeley street, the Senger House, like other Brown Shingles, follows an unusual logic in siting. Rather than occupying the center of their sites, these houses often hug their property lines, leaving wide swaths for large, sunny gardens.

    Stretched adjacent to the street, the Senger House transforms along its length from a simple Brown Shingle exterior to a half-timbered stucco building ornamented with stencils. As it rounds the corner, the far more ornate stucco facade morphs into an elaborate Maybeckian arrangement of extended, broken eaves and decorative crossed beams inset with carved ornamental devices.   >>>

    full story online (15 images, 10 free)  

    A 133-meter-tall steel-truss arch supports the Wembley Stadium roof. Photo: Nigel Young/ Foster + Partners

    The Story of Wembley Stadium
    by Norman Foster

    The original Empire Stadium at Wembley was one of the wonders of its age. The focal point of the 1924 British Empire Exhibition, it was designed by Sir John Simpson and Maxwell Ayrton and engineered by Sir Owen Williams.

    Described at its opening as 'the greatest arena in the world', it was also one of the largest, holding 120,000 mostly standing spectators. The stadium was pioneering in being built entirely from concrete and remarkable for being completed in just 300 days. Over time, it became an international symbol for excellence -- the stadium where every footballer in the world aspired to play.

    Our involvement with Wembley dates back to 1995, when we were commissioned to create a masterplan for Wembley Stadium, with Brent Council, in response to the Sports Council competition that would decide the location of a new English National Stadium. In 1996, as a result of that competition, Wembley was selected over sites in four other English cities.

    As we began to think about the form of the stadium we decided we should consult HOK (now Populous) - the leading stadium designers in the United States - and LOBB, who had designed Stadium Australia and the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.

    We eventually decided to work together on the project and subsequently submitted to become architects of the stadium itself. The client for the new stadium was the newly established English National Stadium Development Company, later to become Wembley National Stadium Limited (WNSL).

    Delighted at winning the competition, we decided to call ourselves the World Stadium Team. The first questions we asked ourselves as a team were: what constitutes the best of its kind in the world today; how can we create a new generation stadium; how can we learn from previous stadiums; and what form does such a building take?

    Beyond its performance as a stadium, the project also had to be conceptually robust enough to withstand many other challenges — political and financial — though we did not know that when we began.   >>>

    full story online (16 images, 9 free)  

    The sheer glass of 1999 K Street in Washington, D.C., by Helmut Jahn, is the essence of its beautiful modern expression, but with see-through panels and expansive sky reflections, it is likely to be unsafe for birds. Photo: Kevin Matthews/Artifice Images

    The Need for Bird-Friendly Design
    by Christine Sheppard

    For many people, birds and nature have intrinsic worth. Birds have been important to humans throughout history, often used to symbolize cultural values such as peace, freedom, and fidelity.

    In addition to the pleasure they can bring to people, we depend on them for critical ecological functions. Birds consume vast quantities of insects, and control rodent populations, reducing damage to crops and forests, and helping limit the transmission of diseases such as West Nile virus, dengue fever, and malaria. Birds play a vital role in regenerating habitats by pollinating plants and dispersing seeds.

    Birds are also a vast economic resource. According to the U.S. Fish and wildlife Service, bird watching is one of the fastest growing leisure activities in North America, and a multibillion-dollar industry.

    The Legal Landscape

    At the start of the 20th Century, following the extinction of the Passenger Pigeon and the near extinction of other bird species due to unregulated hunting, laws were passed to protect bird populations. Among them was the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), which made it illegal to kill a migratory bird without a permit.

    The scope of this law, which is still in effect today, extends beyond hunting, such that anyone causing the death of a migratory bird, even if unintentionally, can be prosecuted if that death is deemed to have been foreseeable.

    This may include bird deaths due to collisions with glass, though there have yet to be any prosecutions in the United States for such incidents. Violations of the MBTA can result in fines of up to $500 per incident and up to six months in prison.

    The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act — originally the Bald Eagle Protection Act of 1940 — the Endangered Species Act (1973), and the Wild Bird Conservation Act (1992) provide further protections for birds that may be relevant to building collisions.

    Recent legislation, primarily at the city and state level, has addressed the problem of mortality from building collisions and light pollution. Cook County, Illinois, San Francisco, California, Toronto, Canada, and the State of Minnesota have all passed laws or ordinances aimed at reducing bird kills, while other authorities have pushed for voluntary measures.

    The International Dark Skies Foundation, an environmental organization whose mission is "to preserve and protect the nighttime environment" now actively supports legislation designed to protect birds by curbing light emissions.

    Glass: The Invisible Threat

    Glass can be invisible to both birds and humans. Humans learn to see glass through a combination of experience, visual cues, and expectation, but birds are unable to use these signals. Most birds' first encounter with glass is fatal when they collide with it at full speed.   >>>

    full story online (11 images, five free)  
    P&P Image

    Looking into a new sunken courtyard at Yale's Morse and Stiles Residential Colleges, added as part of KieranTimberlake's upgrade to the Eero Saarinen design. Photo: Peter Aaron/ OTTO

    People and Places
    by ArchitectureWeek

    KieranTimberlake Upgrades Saarinen's Yale DormsPatrice Bideau in Baden, FranceRalph Rapson's Glass CubeCharles Correa RIBA ExhibitionElderly Obama & Boehner Daughters Arrive In Time MachinePelli Clarke Pelli at UT in AustinSmithGroupJJR in Lake View, IllinoisAIA Minnesota Design Awards

    KieranTimberlake Upgrades Saarinen's Yale Dorms
    Eero Saarinen originally designed the Morse and Stiles Residential Colleges dormitory buildings at Yale University, completed in 1962. As the final part of the university's phased plan to modernize its twelve student-housing colleges, KieranTimberlake designed a series of respectful modifications to the Modernist master's structures.

    In keeping with recent trends in college housing, the dorm rooms were upgraded from stand-alone single rooms to suites. Additional space is also devoted to student recreation and living activities, including a 25,000-square-foot (2,300-square-meter) subterranean addition in the crescent-shaped main courtyard, which was also reconfigured to emphasize greenery over hardscapes.

    The addition receives daylight from a sunken courtyard that skirts the inner perimeter of the main ground-level courtyard, while new wood and steel bridges maintain access to existing entrances. Because student recreation spaces are in the basements of Saarinen's original buildings the renovation also includes new skylights inserted into the roofs of some of these areas to improve daylight access. ...   >>>

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     Technology Update

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    VMZINC App
    The VMZINC app interface is easy to use, and allows the user to browse VMZINC product range, as well as panel systems. The Product Selector feature allows the user to select the characteristics they are looking for in a zinc panel, such as size, color or texture that may be important in the design process. The Product Selector feature also filters the attributes and shows panel types that meet the defined criteria. Features include: product selector, project photos browser, specifications in PDF and MS Word format, 2D details in PDF and DWG format, geo-location search capability, and sales representative contact information by state. 
    Nail Gun Safety for Builders
    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) developed this free guide about preventing nail gun injuries.

    AutoCAD 2014 Command Line - AutoCAD Insider, 2013.0401

    Assign Shortcut Keys to Custom Programs in Femap - Cadalyst, 2013.0331

    Utility and Tools iPad Apps for Architects - Architosh, 2013.0331

    Drawing an Archimedes Screw in Autocad - William Le Couteur's Autocad Blog, 2013.0330

    Use a Standards File to Bring an AutoCAD Drawing into Line - CAD Digest, 2013.0328

    Revit 2014 - Materials Revisited - AECbytes, 2013.0328

    Revit 2014 Properties Palette Tabs - Revit OpEd, 2013.0328

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    Contents, RSS, and Surface of the Week

    Translucent glass-block corner window (WI-091)


    Architecture Quiz this week's new question...

    Author of several books including Cottage Residences and The Architecture of Country Residences, this individual is also credited with helping the Gothic style challenge the Greek Revival style of residential design in the 1830s. Who was he?

    Architecture Answer for last week's quiz...

    Rotary-cut wood is used mostly for producing what kind of lumber product?



    Classic Home 065 — Bogner House, by Walter F. Bogner

    "This house in Lincoln, Massachusetts was designed for the architect's family on a site near the Gropius House, the Breuer House II, and the J. Ford House. The house originally accommodated two adults, a daughter, and a maid on a slightly sloping site at the edge of the woods. This house is oriented for views of the open space and woods to the south and west.

    "Its construction is a balloon frame on an unusually wide module (39.5") with vertical siding and steel casement windows. One exception is an unusually thick stone wall which intersects the eastern side of the house, defining interior and exterior spaces while simultaneously marking the entry and connecting the house with the landscape. This wall also rises vertically above the main roof and encloses a fireplace at its western end.

    "To further connect the house to its context, an unusual curving roof projects to the north covering a garage, carport, and entry walkway with a low stone wall running along the edge. An unusual element is a second-story semi-enclosed garden terrace off the master bedroom.... "


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