ArchitectureWeek - Dimensions

Topics Index
Architects Index
Authors Index

ArchitectureWeek Notes
  •  Notes No. 581
  •  Notes No. 580
  •  Notes No. 579
  •  Notes No. 578
  •  Notes No. 577
  •  Notes No. 576
  •  Notes No. 575
  •  Notes No. 574
  •  Notes No. 573
  •  Notes No. 572
  •  Notes No. 571
  •  Notes No. 570
  •  Notes No. 569
  •  Notes No. 568
  •  Notes No. 567
  •  Notes No. 566
  •  Notes No. 565
  •  Notes No. 564
  •  Notes No. 563
  •  Notes No. 562
  •  Notes No. 561
  •  Notes No. 560
  •  Notes No. 559
  •  Notes No. 558
  •  Notes No. 557
  •  Notes No. 556
  •  Notes No. 555
  •  Notes No. 554
  •  Notes No. 553
  •  Notes No. 552
  •  Notes No. 551
  •  Notes No. 550
  •  Notes No. 549
  •  Notes No. 548
  •  Notes No. 547
  •  Notes No. 546
  •  Notes No. 545
  •  Notes No. 544
  •  Notes No. 543
  •  Notes No. 541
  •  Notes No. 540
  •  Notes No. 539
  •  Notes No. 538
  •  Notes No. 537
  •  Notes No. 536
  •  Notes No. 535
  •  Notes No. 534
  •  Notes No. 533
  •  Notes No. 532
  •  Notes No. 531
  •  Notes No. 530
  •  Notes No. 529
  •  Notes No. 528
  •  Notes No. 527
  •  Notes No. 526
  •  Notes No. 525
  •  Notes No. 524
  •  Notes No. 523
  •  Notes No. 522
  •  Notes No. 521
  •  Notes No. 520
  •  Notes No. 519
  •  Notes No. 518
  •  Notes No. 517
  •  Notes No. 516
  •  Notes No. 515
  •  Notes No. 514
  •  Notes No. 513
  •  Notes No. 512
  •  Notes No. 511
  •  Notes No. 510
  •  Notes No. 509
  •  Notes No. 508
  •  Notes No. 507
  •  Notes No. 506
  •  Notes No. 505
  •  Notes No. 504
  •  Notes No. 503
  •  Notes No. 502
  •  Notes No. 501
  •  Notes No. 500
  •  Notes No. 499
  •  Notes No. 498
  •  Notes No. 497
  •  Notes No. 496
  •  Notes No. 495
  •  Notes No. 494
  •  Notes No. 493
  •  Notes No. 492
  •  Notes No. 491
  •  Notes No. 490
        and Before

    ArchWeek Notes
    ArchWeek Green
    ArchWeek Residential
    Subscribe Free

    Urban Infill Prefab
    Staying Put - Creating A Cook's Kitchen
    "The Store Problem"


      Current Contents
      Blog Center
      Download Center
      New Products
      Products Guide
      Classic Home
      Architecture Forum
      Architects Directory
      Topics Library
      Complete Archive
      Web Directory
      About ArchWeek
      Subscribe & Contribute
      Free Newsletters


    ArchitectureWeek Notes No. 569
    Dear ArchitectureWeek Readers,

    ArchitectureWeek No. 569 is now available on the Web, with these new design and building features, and more. This Notes edition is sponsored by BAU 2013:

    BAU 2013

    BAU 2013 - Registration is now open

    BAU 2013, the World's Leading Trade Fair for Architecture, Materials, Systems, takes place from 14 to 19 January 2013 at the New Munich Trade Fair Centre. The event is expected to attract around 2,000 exhibitors from more than 40 countries and approximately 240,000 visitors from all over the world.

    More information about BAU 2013


    With myriad green features like open office partitions that combine low solid portions for daylighting with high glass sections for acoustical separation, the USGBC headquarters in Washington, D.C. are Platinum certified under the LEED v3 system. Photo: Eric Laignel

    Interview: USGBC Founder Rick Fedrizzi
    by Holley Henderson

    Rick, what does sustainability mean to you personally?

    To me, the definition of "sustainable" is simple: It means living my life today in a way that ensures my children, their children, and their children will be able to live as well as I did.

    It means laying the groundwork for a future that is more prosperous, more healthful, and more equitable than our present. It means that our habits - at a personal level as well as at a global level - don't lead to an inevitable depletion of resources that would disrupt our quality of life.

    Living sustainably means exactly what it says: that our lifestyles can be sustained, and that we don't prove to be our own worst enemies.

    Why did you enter the field of green building, and how did you make the transition?

    I was fortunate enough to have worked for 25 years at United Technologies Corporation (UTC), an early pioneer in what was then a fairly esoteric idea: that the unprecedented technological progress of our era could actually be harnessed for good.

    In other words, UTC recognized that true progress isn't about a decision between technological expansion or environmental quality; it is about embracing them both, and especially the places where they intersect and complement each other.

    It was the beginning of our understanding of the triple bottom line, and I knew I wanted to be part of it.

    We hear so much about the negative impacts of human activity on the environment; tell us how, in your view, green building acts as an "antidote" to alleviate these negative impacts and/or creates positive impacts on the environment.

    Green building isn't about a laundry list of negative human behaviors that we shouldn't do. It's about all the innovative, exciting, and life-affirming things we can and should do that lead to an economy, an environment, and a social landscape in harmony with each other. It's about solutions, and the businessman in me knew that this was the key to making real change.   >>>


    Ray Kappe, FAIA designed this LEED Platinum-certified model prefabricated house for developer LivingHomes. Photo: Tom Bonner

    A Brief History of Prefab
    by Peter Gössel, Arnt Cobbers, Oliver Jahn

    After the Second World War there was a regular prefabricated housing boom in the United States. Some 70 companies were active in this market segment in the post-war era, ultimately leading to the construction of roughly 200,000 prefabricated houses.

    However, companies such as Vultee, Lustron, and the Spartan Aircraft Company, which offered buildings built on the basis of steel frames or clad in sheet metal, were still not able to survive.

    Companies that limited themselves to more conventional forms and materials were more successful, and correspondingly, most of the prefabricated houses were clad in shingles and had pitched roofs.

    When Gropius's student Carl Koch developed his first prefabricated house in 1948, he equipped it in the best Bauhaus tradition with a flat roof. When it failed to sell, he developed his Techbuilt House, this time of course with a pitched roof — and he was soon successful.

    Prefab in Postwar Europe

    The situation in Europe was more difficult: although millions of people had no place to live on the Old Continent due to the destruction of the Second World War, people were reluctant to accept prefabricated construction.


    PreFab Houses by Peter Gössel, Arnt Cobbers, and Oliver Jahn is an outstanding new collection of both rare and well-known examples. Image: Taschen

    In Germany, which had not only lost 25 percent of its entire housing stock to bombing, but also had to integrate 12 million refugees from former German territories in Eastern Europe, one form of prefabricated housing was used extensively: the Nissen Hut (similar to the Quonset hut).

    An attempt was also made in post-war France to combat housing shortages with the help of prefabricated houses. In 1944, Jean Prouvé was already commissioned by the Ministry of Reconstruction and Urban Planning to build 800 houses as emergency shelters that could be easily disassembled.

    However, only 400 of these "Maisons àportique", which were equipped with an axial steel frame, were ever erected. Again commissioned by the government, Prouvé developed a series of aluminum-clad lightweight steel houses based on the same principle, but only a few were ever erected because they were more expensive than expected. Prouvé's Alba houses, developed for the Abbey Pierre's homeless organization in 1956, were also not a success.

    The Prefabulous 60s

    The 1960s were a period of social transition in which attitudes towards prefabricated housing also changed. During this era — which was marked by space travel, the moon landing, and even children's books that predicted weekend trips to distant galaxies — prefabricated construction was discovered both as a form of artistic expression and as a technical means of creating houses to provide a basis for new lifestyles, which seemed to be imminent in a society characterized by an extremely optimistic view of progress.   >>>

    P&P Image

    NBBJ designed the 535,000-square-foot (50,000-square-meter) Lunder Building, on the campus of Massachusetts General Hospital, with this five-story atrium. Photo: Courtesy AIA

    People and Places
    by ArchitectureWeek

    AIA Healthcare Awards - Boston, Bethesda, Nairobi, GeorgiaCanopea by Team Rhone Alpes Wins Solar Decathlon Europe 2012 RIBA Gold Medal to Peter Zumthor

    AIA Healthcare Awards - Boston, Bethesda, Nairobi, Georgia
    Four buildings have been named recipients of this year's AIA/ AAH Healthcare Design Awards, one in each of four awards categories. The projects include a hospice facility in Albany, Georgia, a major new building for Massachusetts General Hospital, a Bethesda, Maryland facility for researching and treating traumatic brain injury, and a planned medical center for Nairobi, Kenya.

    The Lunder Building is a high-tech, flexible structure designed to advance Massachusetts General Hospital, in Boston, Massachusetts, into a third century of care. The 535,000-square-foot (50,000-square-meter) building houses procedural programs, 150 inpatient beds, progressive technologies, and new emergency and radiation oncology departments.

    Located on a compact urban site in downtown Boston, the building, split into a procedural program base and an upper bed tower, is also linked to five adjacent facilities. A key design element was connections to natural light and gardens; a five-story atrium garden connects all patient floors. ...   >>>

    It's fast, easy, private, and secure.

     Technology Update

    Sponsor this ArchWeek special section and build your brand:
    Vectorworks Architect 2012
    With Vectorworks® Architect 2012 software, you can create building information models without giving up the ease of design you're used to. Enjoy the robust and flexible capabilities of BIM with the ease of design, great documentation, and intelligent tools that the software is known for - right from the start. 
    Software for Sizing Wood Framing Members
    Forte(TM) software from Weyerhaeuser is a powerful tool for sizing wood framing members, including joists, headers, beams, wall studs, and columns. Users can size dimension lumber and engineered wood products, even accounting for seismic and wind loads. Size for a specific spacing or member depth, or just the best economical fit. The software is now used by more than 10,000 engineers, architects, home designers, and other building professionals. Easy to use, it offers the ability to quickly compare alternatives, and provides exporting capabilities that facilitate information sharing.

    Chief Architect X5 Released - Chief Architect Press Release, 2012.1009

    3D Systems Acquires Rapidform - 3D Systems Press Release, 2012.1009

    Wall Footing Relationship Revisited - Autodesk Building Coder Blog, 2012.1008

    HP and Autodesk Move AEC Workflows to the Cloud - Cadalyst, 2012.1004

    Siemens Acquires Belgium's VRcontext for 3D Visualization - Siemens Press Release, 2012.1004

    Hard Drives for CAD Workstations - CAD Speed, 2012.1003

    Creo View Mobile App Released for iPad and iPhone - Creo Press Release, 2012.1002

    Review: Nvidia GeForce GTX 660 and GTX 650 - Graphic Speak, 2012.1001

    Physical Testing Is Still Vitally Important - Desktop Engineering, 2012.1001

    New Product


    Product News - Glass Wall Solutions for Interior Design

    The SCHOTT Wall System provides a complete package of quality glass solutions with installations to suit interior applications, such as illuminated walls and stylish partitions. Utilizing extruded aluminum profiles, the Wall System is both strong and durable, while light and attractive in appearance. The modular construction offers diverse design and set-up options, ranging from free-standing individual display modules to more extensive connected walls.

    See our comprehensive visual catalog of architectural products, powered by DesignGuide!

    ArchitectureWeek Blog Center - latest postings from across the web
    ArchitectureWeek Products Guide - comprehensive and inspiring...

    "Researching buildings that incorporated sustainability, loved the amount of information and images provided by the site."
      — DTK, Morris, Pennsylvania



    Contents, RSS, and Surface of the Week

    Metal-framed translucent glass panels with colored and patinated metal (WA-298)


    Architecture Quiz this week's new question...

    The main spans of the longest suspension bridges tend to be how many times longer than the main spans of the longest steel arch bridges?

    Architecture Answer for last week's quiz...

    Match these stones with the descriptions below: slate, marble, granite, travertine, and limestone

    a. Once a limestone, this stone achieved metamorphosis from intense pressures and high temperatures within the earth.

    b. A variety of limestone formed in pools by the precipitation of hot mineral-rich spring water. The characteristic holes were created when carbon dioxide bubbles were trapped as the stone was being formed.

    c. A fine-grained, metamorphic stone derived from sedimentary rock shale.

    d. A sedimentary stone, formed from prehistoric skeletons and shells.

    e. An igneous rock, once molten, which formed as it cooled deep within the earth.

    f. Commercially, any stone capable of taking a polish (with the exception of granite).



    Classic Home 057 — William Beard House, by Richard Neutra

    "This steel-built house of 1200 square feet (110 square meters), was built for William Beard in Altadena, California. Full-height, sliding glass and steel partitions communicate with a side and a rear patio and to the breakfast nook and kitchen, both of which have a broad view to the Sierra Madre mountains.

    "Built-in furniture saves considerable floor area and keeps much of the livable area free from obstruction. In spite of the apparently large window area, the amount of direct radiation permitted to enter the interior is limited by roof projections, other overhangs, and curtains that move in a continuous track. A steel stairway leads up to a roof garden. ... "


    The latest architectural headlines, linking across the Web:
    Design Context Building Culture Technology
    Continuing dimensions...
         Daily Building, Directory of Architects, Architecture Books, 
         Building of the Week, Free Classifieds, Great Buildings, the 
         ArchitectureWeek Online Library, Web Directory, Archiplanet, 

    5 Years Ago

    Five years ago in ArchitectureWeek:

        Market v. Meaning, by Giancarlo La Giorgia

    10 years Ago

    Ten years ago in ArchitectureWeek:

        Zambian Vernacular, by Jon Sojkowski

    For any subscription-related questions, just drop us a line at
    "subscriptions at".
    Disagree, agree, have some to add, or get inspired, with something 
    And, as always, please talk back, to ""!
    with best wishes,
    Kevin Matthews
    Editor in Chief
    Update your entry in the building industry's hottest wiki.
       Join the free email list for these weekly email Notes.
    Advertise in our weekly newsletters to 70,000 double-opt-in readers!
       Add our rotating Architecture Headlines to your own web site.
    Subscribe and contribute to help support ArchitectureWeek on the Web.
       Suggest a web site to be linked from our free Web Directory.
    Announce New Architectural Products in ArchitectureWeek:
    See hundreds of free images in our ten-year anniversary special issue.
    More Newsletters by ArchitectureWeek - subscribe free!
          ArchWeek Green - sustainable design and building news
          ArchWeek Residential - housing news and analysis
    ** ArchitectureWeek is a green and low-carbon-footprint 
    publication. By publishing this professional design and building 
    magazine online-only, we save about 48 tons of paper monthly, 
    50 large trees every week, or 2500 trees (a dozen or more acres 
    of mature conifer forest, representing over 100 tons a year of 
    biological carbon sequestration) each year, compared to reaching 
    a similar readership on paper - not counting these newsletters!  
    We provide ongoing pro-bono services to local non-profit 
    sustainability organizations, and our company offices are powered 
    by a green mix of 98% wind energy and 2% solar power through our 
    local electric utilities.
        Reduce your carbon footprint...  Switch those old paper-based
        monthly subscriptions - and read ArchitectureWeek online!
        ArchitectureWeek   and building in depth

        Leading professional architecture magazine online, with 
        beautiful photos, detailed drawings, and compelling stories
        delivered 47 times a year to 300,000 monthly visitors.  
        Flagship of the Artifice group of architecture sites with 
        millions of monthly unique design and building-related visitors,  
        foundation of the Artifice transformational communications 
        network with millions of monthly unique visitors.

        The way of architecture...                      Artifice, Inc.

       541-345-7421 vox . 541-345-7438 fax . 800-203-8324 USA toll free

       Artifice.  "1534. [a. F., ad. L. artificium]  1. The action of an
      artificer, construction, workmanship.  2. The product of art.  3.
      Mode or style of workmanship.  4. Constructive skill.  5. Human
      skill.  6. Skill in expedients.  7. An ingenious expedient." 
                     — The Oxford Universal Dictionary, Third Edition 

        Please add "" to your address book  
        to help ensure successful delivery of these newsletters.
    + - - Copyright (c) 2012 Artifice, Inc. - All Rights Reserved. - - +
     Click Forward in your email — Share ArchWeek Notes with a friend!

    Architecture News   by ArchitectureWeek

    Daily Architecture Headlines — Updated every day at ArchitectureWeek

    News Department Archive

    Special thanks to our Sustaining Subscribers.


    Send this to a friend       Media Kit       Subscribe       Contribute       Privacy       Comments

    © 2000-2012 Artifice, Inc. - All Rights Reserved