Dear ArchitectureWeek Readers,
ArchitectureWeek No. 565 is now available on the Web, with these new design and building features, and more. This Notes edition is sponsored by Wiley:
Building Codes Illustrated
Marrying the graphic skills of bestselling author Francis D.K. Ching with the code expertise of Steven R. Winkel, this is an easy-to-use, updated illustrated guide to the 2012 edition of the International Building Code. Focusing on the code sections most relevant to designers, the book features nearly 900 illustrations.
British architect Norman Foster received the AIA Gold Medal in 1994, the Pritzker Prize in 1999, and Praemium Imperiale in 2002. His firm, Foster + Partners, is headquartered in London and has offices in New York, Madrid, Abu Dhabi, and Hong Kong.
Photo: Yukio Futagawa
Talking with Norman Foster
by Hanno Rauterberg
Whenever he can he likes to fly himself, be it in his private jet, or in a helicopter. Norman Foster loves flying and he must love it. He is constantly on his way to Moscow, Abu Dhabi, Beijing or to one of the many other cities in which he is planning and building his numerous projects. Born in 1935, Norman Foster has been in the business for over 40 years. He's built many records, the biggest, longest and most expensive buildings of the world, won all the important architectural prizes and awards, and even acquired a peerage – and yet his fame is still growing.
He wrote architectural history with an office building in Ipswich and an airport in Stansted early on in his career. Many office buildings and airports worldwide are built according to ideas he first formulated. Foster has also chivvied ecological building along, for example with the Commerzbank Headquarters in Frankfurt and the rebuilding of the Reichstag in Berlin.
But all that looks almost modest in comparison with the projects he and his firm are working on today. Gigantic high-rise buildings are in prospect, whole towns have been commissioned from him, and the Foster architectural machine seems to whirl along faster and faster. But when we finally meet in a hotel garden beside Lake Geneva, with the sky summery blue, children splashing about in the pool, all the hectic pace drops away. He looks as if he were on holiday by the sea, white trousers, white polo shirt, a pink belt and orange moccasins – even though he's just come from the office. He works a lot down here in Switzerland now. His home is here, and so is his young family.
Lord Foster, can I start with a naive question?
If I one day had a notion to build myself a little house
in Hamburg, maybe four rooms, 140 square meters (1,500
square feet), could I telephone you and ask your firm to
(laughs) That's not naive, that's a difficult question.
Because I have to be very diplomatic now.
The LEED-CS Platinum-certified Bank of America Tower, designed by Cook + Fox Architects, uses underfloor air distribution.
Image: Cook + Fox Architects
How Cool is UFAD?
by Asif Syed
Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD) is a method of air
conditioning the space by supplying the air from the
floor, using natural buoyancy forces to lift it to the
ceiling, as opposed to the conventional systems, which
supply air from the ceiling down to the occupants,
working against the natural forces of buoyancy.
The advantages of the system include energy efficiency, thermal comfort, individual occupant control, flexibility for frequent office restructuring, better indoor air quality, and lower costs for churn fit-out.
UFAD technology uses an air plenum under the floor to supply air from floor air outlets. An air plenum is made between the floor and the structural slab. This requires a raised floor plenum of sufficient depth to transport the air from the supply source to the air outlets. The plenum space is easily accessible and provides the same level of access as a two-foot-by-two-foot (60-centimeter-by-60-centimeter) ceiling tile — without the necessity of climbing a ladder.
The space under the raised floor, primarily created for air flow, is also used for the distribution of other services, such as electrical power wiring, telephone and information technology cabling, security cabling, and fire alarms.
The use of a raised-floor plenum for other services makes the system flexible to modifications, due to ease of access. Given the dependence of business on computers, networks, VOIP, and so on, and the fast-paced changes in technology, the demand for flexibility in data cabling is ever increasing.
The environmental and energy benefits come from the operating temperatures, which are much higher (in cooling applications) than in conventional systems. The combination of environmental and energy benefits with flexibility is the main reason for the growing popularity of the systems. The technology is not new to buildings; from the 1950s on, it has been used in data centers or computer rooms. The driver then was flexible cable management and efficient cooling of high heat loads. Today the drivers are: energy conservation, the environment, and flexibility in managing other building services.
The LEED 2009 Reference Guide for Green Building Design and Construction cites UFAD as a way to achieve individual occupant controls. From the 1970s, buildings have been designed with this technology in Europe and Asia, and have worked satisfactorily.
Populous designed the main stadium for the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, in London, England.
Photo: Populous/Courtesy London 2012
London Olympics Architecture Guide
Olympic Stadium - Populous
Olympic Park - EDAW Consortium
London Aquatics Centre - Zaha Hadid Architects
Velodrome - Hopkins Architects
Copper Box - Make Architects
International Broadcast Centre - Allies and Morrison
London Shooting Venue - Magma Architecture
Basketball Arena - Wilkinson Eyre Architects
Water Polo Arena - David Morley Architects
Riverbank Arena - Populous
Olympic Village - 16 Architects and Firms
Additional Olympic Venues
"The innovative flexible design of the Olympic Stadium
means its 80,000 capacity can be reduced after the
Games. It has a permanent lower tier with a capacity of
25,000, and a temporary steel and concrete upper tier,
which holds a further 55,000 spectators, that can be
dismantled after the Games.
"Amenities such as catering and toilets, normally found inside sports stadia, have been located in temporary facilities around the outside of the Stadium. Facilities for athletes within the Stadium include changing rooms, medical support facilities and a 60m warm-up track.
"The lower tier sits within a bowl in the ground, which minimises the use of construction materials. This bowl was created by excavating 800,000 tonnes of soil, the majority of which was cleaned and reused elsewhere on the Olympic Park." — London 2012
Location: Olympic Park, London, England
Events: Athletics/ Track and Field, Opening and Closing Ceremonies
Type: Permanent, stadium
Capacity: 80,000 (reduced to 25,000 after Olympics)
Dates: May 2008 to March 2011
Builder: Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd.
Structural/ Services Engineer: Buro Happold
Client: Olympic Delivery Authority
Construction System: concrete, steel
A multistory atrium daylights the Solaris, in Singapore, designed by TR Hamzah and Yeang and CPG. Photo: Albert Lim
Architecture People and Places
Frank Harmon Architect in Raleigh, North Carolina
Cannon Design in Cleveland, Ohio
Stantec in Fort Macleod, Alberta
John McAslan + Partners in Lancaster, UK
Lubetkin Prize Shortlist in New York, Guangzhou, Singapore,
Robert Venturi Retires in Philadelphia
Lubetkin Prize Shortlist
The Royal Institute of British Architects has announced the shortlist for the 2012 RIBA Lubetkin Prize, an award given to the best new international building located outside the European Union, designed by a RIBA member firm. The winner of the RIBA Lubetkin Prize will be announced on the evening of Saturday 13 October at a special event in Manchester (UK).
The nominees are:
Guangzhou International Finance Centre, Guangzhou, China, by Wilkinson Eyre Architects
One KL, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, by SCDA Architects
Solaris, Fusionopolis 2B, One North, Singapore, by TR Hamzah and Yeang and CPG
Sperone Westwater, Bowery, New York City, USA, by Foster + Partners
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Vectorworks Architect 2012
With Vectorworks® Architect 2012 software, you can create building information models without giving up the ease of design you're used to. Enjoy the robust and flexible capabilities of BIM with the ease of design, great documentation, and intelligent tools that the software is known for — right from the start.
Glass Specification Tool
Walker Glass is proud to introduce the first three-part specifications on acid-etched glass, mirror, and anti-slip glass. These editable documents provide a great tool for specifying acid-etched products in a more elaborate way, helping architects to consider all relevant information, including performance, aesthetics, and quality.
Revit: Changing the Level Elevation without Moving the Level - Imaginit Technologies Support Blog, 2012.0725
Rendering Sunlight in Autodesk Cloud Rendering - CAD Notes, 2012.0725
AutoCAD WS 1.5 Available Now - AutoCAD WS Blog, 2012.0725
Gotcha with Shared Parameters - Jarod Schultz, 2012.0725
Advance Steel Review - CAD Digest, 2012.0712
Product News - Tate's EcoCore Phase Change Technology for Energy Efficiency
The EcoCore Phase Change Panel incorporates
micro-encapsulated phase change materials to reduce
indoor air temperature fluctuations and save energy.
During the peak solar load of the day, the phase-change
material embedded within the welded steel panel is
designed to melt and absorb energy -- energy that would
otherwise be reflected back into the room as heat or
transferred to the air stream. This stored energy can be
held within the panel until cooler temperatures allows
the material to resolidify and release the absorbed
See our comprehensive visual catalog of architectural products, powered by DesignGuide!
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What is a "Chicago Window"?
What are ball drop tests?
Classic Home 053 — Breuer House I, by Marcel Breuer
"This house in Lincoln, Massachusetts, built by the architect for his own family, is on a site that is level in front and slopes down in the back. The house is wood frame, with steel sash casement windows and vertical tongue-and-groove redwood exterior siding, without gutters or conductors. A stone-floored entry leads to a two-story, south-facing living room. From there, stairs lead down to the dining room and up to the bedrooms...
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