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    ArchitectureWeek Notes No. 543
    Dear ArchitectureWeek Readers,

    ArchitectureWeek No. 543 is now available on the Web, with these new design and building features, and more.

    Make Space

    Make Space

    Based on the work of the Stanford University and its Environments Collaborative Initiative, Make Space is packed with techniques for altering space to enhance creativity and collaboration. Highlighting details that matter the most when designing spaces to support creative teams, it's a book you'll turn to again and again.

    Learn more


    Kisho Kurokawa's Nakagin Capsule Tower (1972) in Tokyo, Japan, is the classic poster child of the Metabolist movement. Photo: Wikipedia user Wiiii

    Anatomy of Metabolism
    by C.B. Liddell

    The exhibit "Metabolism, the City of the Future" at the Mori Art Museum in Tokyo is a major retrospective looking at Japan's most widely known and perhaps least understood modern architecture movement.

    Subtitled "Dreams and Visions of Reconstruction in Postwar and Present-Day Japan," the exhibit throws up images depicting a sci-fi world of floating cities, metropolises in the sky, and soaring geometric shapes and patterns repeated over and over with little apparent corrsepondence to the psychological needs of humans.

    All in all, at least in its broad visuals, the exhibition fits in very well with a certain Blade Runner-esque geek image of Japan that is very popular at the moment, a vision of something more suitable for manga and anime than real architecture. Unless, maybe, you're in one of a handful of special places in Asia, like Singapore, or one of the sprouting Chinese mega-cities.

    While the geek eye-candy is plentiful, this exhibition also has a serious tale to tell, and one that ultimately tells us a lot about a certain Japanese mentality and about the country's conflicted relationship with modernism. Some of the things here simply wouldn't have made sense anywhere else, but they did make sense in Japan.

    The Metabolists were a group of young architects who were united in 1960 behind a manifesto, at a time when manifestos had gone out of fashion. These men were inspired by Kenzo Tange, who, by that stage of his career, was already too elevated to be a mere group member. They included the architectural critic Noboru Kawazoe, the architects Masato Otaka, Fumihiko Maki, Kiyonori Kikutake, and Kisho Kurokawa, the graphic designer Kiyoshi Awazu, and the industrial designer Kenji Ekuan. While not a direct member of the group, architect Arata Isozaki was a "fellow traveler" and peripheral participant in the movement.

    As the biologically evocative name suggests, the Metabolists believed that buildings and cities should be designed to continually grow and change in the same way as organic life. In practice this meant moving away from the disorderly pattern of piecemeal construction and demolition then very common in Tokyo, towards the idea of architectural megastructures that could serve as an orderly framework for flexible, replaceable architecture.   >>>


    The Autodesk University 2011 conference was held in Las Vegas at the end of November. Photo: Kenneth Wong/ ArchitectureWeek

    Autodesk University - "Software Everywhere"
    by Kenneth Wong

    On a chilly November morning in Las Vegas, Nevada, Carl Bass, president and CEO of Autodesk, stepped up to the stage at the Autodesk University (AU) 2011 conference to hail the emergence of a new approach in data management, powered by cloud computing.

    "One big idea [in collaboration] is to move from a file-based system to a data-centric approach, where the information is automatically indexed and easily searched," Bass said. "It could be overwhelming to manually manage this data by passing an individual file around. It's more about empowering access to the information you really need."

    "Today," he continued, "we're introducing a PLM [product life-cycle management] system that decreases complexity in managing project information. The interface is clean, is flexible. It's easy to deploy, manage, it's easy to configure."

    The punchline came a few minutes later, when Bass revealed, "The big news is, none of the things I just showed you are just desktop products. What I've just shown you is software running in the cloud, running on smartphones and tablets, in iOS and Android OS, on Mac. It's even running in browsers."

    Glued to the Browser for Project Collaboration

    For years, Autodesk has advocated a model-based approach to building design and construction, known among practitioners as BIM (building information modeling) and IPD (integrated project delivery). The company believes the use of a single, shared digital model throughout the life cycle of a building — from initial design, simulation, and construction to maintenance — is the best way to minimize costly conflicts.

    But facilitating a shared workflow among architects, mechanical/ electrical/ plumbing engineers, construction crews, and owner-operators has been a challenge, to say the least. Different software used by these disciplines sometimes causes data-exchange problems. And team members' office locations, often spread out across international time zones in different regions, add to the headache.

    Scanning the horizon for promising BIM collaboration models, Autodesk set its sights on New York City-based Horizontal Systems, whose primary offering is cloud-hosted BIM, made possible through web-streaming of shared 3D content.   >>>

    P&P Image

    Rush University Medical Center of Chicago has dedicated a new hospital tower designed by Perkins + Will. The bulding opens to patients on January 9, 2012. Photo: Courtesy Perkins + Will

    People and Places
    by Nancy Novitski

    Perkins + Will in Chicago, IllinoisUNStudio with Ong&Ong in Singapore, SingaporeGensler in Santa Ana, CaliforniaBDP with EPIG in Izmir, Turkey10 Design in Pingtan Island, China...

    Chicago — 2011.1208
    Rush University Medical Center of Chicago, Illinois, has dedicated a new hospital building designed by Perkins + Will. With input from doctors and nurses, and patients and their families, the architects developed a butterfly-shaped floor plan for the 14-story, $654 million new building, called the Tower.

    The ground floor will house the McCormick Foundation Center for Advanced Emergency Response, with 60 treatment bays and a surge capacity of 133 percent, designed to accommodate large-scale health emergencies. The tower's third floor houses an imaging center, and the three consecutive floors above that are devoted to the interventional platform, which also extends into the adjacent building. Containing 42 procedure rooms with enlarged operating rooms, this area locates diagnostic testing, surgical and interventional services, and recovery within a short distance of each other.

    The top floor of the building base houses women's services and neonatal intensive care, and the building's top five floors comprise the Herb Family Acute and Critical Care Tower, which contains 304 beds.

    Rush is seeking LEED certification for the new building, targeting a LEED Gold rating. The Tower will connect to Rush's existing main hospital building, the Atrium, via the Edward A. Brennan Entry Pavilion, a three-story reception area with circular skylights and a giant four-season terrarium. The Atrium building will be renovated following the January 9, 2012, opening of the new building.

    The construction manager is Power/Jacobs Joint Venture. The building is the major component of Rush's ten-year, $1 billion campus redevelopment project.   >>>


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     Tools and Downloads

    Sponsor this ArchWeek special section and build your brand:
    BIM Collaboration Software
    Tekla BIMsight is a free software tool for collaboration on BIM-based construction projects. Professionals in different AEC disciplines can combine their BIM models, check for clashes, markup, and share information in the same easy-to-use 3D environment. New features in Version 3.1 make it even easier to find information and communicate.  
    ANSI/BHMA Standard for Materials and Finishes
    The Builders Hardware Manufacturers Association (BHMA) is offering a free download of ANSI/BHMA A156.18-2006, useful when specifying hardware on a wide range of project applications. The standard establishes finish test methods and code numbers for finishes on various base materials.

    Autodesk University 2011 - "Software Everywhere" - ArchitectureWeek, 2011.1214

    A Click Away - Architect's Newspaper, 2011.1214

    Autodesk University 2011: General Session and Innovation Forums - AECbytes, 2011.1212

    Autodesk University 2011, Part 2: The Promise of the Cloud - Cadalyst, 2011.1208

    The AR LAB: A Vision - AECbytes, 2011.1206

    New Product
    Product News - Double-Hung Wood Windows

    JELD-WEN has enhanced its line of Custom Wood Double-Hung Windows with a concealed jambliner and tilt latch, a window opening control device, and an optional larger bottom rail. The jambliner (exposed track) has been completely covered with matching interior wood species and finish, delivering a cleaner, more historically accurate design. The concealed tilt latch allows the window to tilt for easy cleaning while achieving a design pressure rating of up to 50...


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    Contents, RSS, and Surface of the Week

    Entry wall with flagstones in staggered shelf courses, vertical board wood door (WA-110)


    Architecture Quiz this week's new question...

    What is the fundamental difference between a Japanese handsaw and a typical American handsaw?

    Architecture Answer for last week's quiz...

    What do you know about lightning? True or False:

    The Empire State Building is struck about seven times a year.

    On average, a commercial airliner is struck once during every 5,000 to 10,000 hours of flying time.

    Roughly 2,000 thunderstorms are in progress over the earth's surface at any given time, producing as many as 100 cloud-to-ground discharges every second.

    The Midwestern states experience the most lightning activity in the United States.

    A lightning channel is about 8 inches (20 centimeters) in diameter.

    A lightning flash could light a 100-watt bulb for three months.



    Classic Home 028 — Dutch Colonial house by J. T. Pomeroy

    "This Dutch Colonial house can be placed very comfortably on a thirty-foot lot, and can be used on a twenty-five-foot lot without crowding.

    "Three features save this house from having a pinched look: First, it is built close to the ground; second, it has lawn on both sides, and third, the skillful handling of the red cement shingle roof, particularly the broad expanse over the front entrance and sun parlor.... "


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    Five years ago in ArchitectureWeek:
        Building Boston 2006, by Evan H. Shu, FAIA



    Ten years ago in ArchitectureWeek:
        Building Boston 2001, by Evan H. Shu, FAIA
        New Generation Architecture, by Deyan Sudjic

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