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ArchitectureWeek No. 542 is now available on the Web, with these new design and building features, and more.
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Murphy/Jahn designed the new Joe and Rika Mansueto Library on the campus of the University of Chicago. Photo: Rainer Viertlbock
AIA's Best New Buildings from Chicago
A glass dome rises from a lawn on the University of Chicago campus. This ellipsoidal structure by Murphy/Jahn — a counterpoint in form and materials to the eclectic buildings around it — is the refined tip of the iceberg for the Joe and Rika Mansueto Library.
This new library building was recently honored by the Chicago chapter of the American Institute of Architects in its 2011 Design Excellence Awards. Honorees range from schools and corporate campuses to a zoo — most in the Chicago area, while ranging as far as Shanghai and Dubai.
Mansueto Library is primarily a vessel for compact book storage. The University of Chicago had sought to build a container that would house 3.5 million volumes using an automated storage and retrieval system.
Rather than the above-ground box expected by the client,
architect Helmut Jahn placed the collections storage
underground, where the books can be kept more
efficiently at the desired constant temperature of 60
degrees and 30 percent relative humidity. At ground
level, the elliptical glass dome houses the building's
people-oriented spaces, providing daylight and views
while minimizing the building's profile, helping
preserve the sense of open space in this part of campus.
The 50,650-square-foot (4,706-square-meter) Mansueto
Library contains only materials from other campus
libraries, including the neighboring Regenstein Library
— a brutalist limestone building designed by SOM's
Walter Netsch. Users enter Mansueto through a bridge
from Regenstein, leading into the new building's
8,000-square-foot (740-square-foot) reading room, which
occupies the south end of the dome.
At the center of the dome is the circulation desk, which
serves as the portal for patrons requesting materials
from the underground storage. At the north end, the
library preservation department divides 6,000 square
feet (560 square meters) of space into digitization and conservation laboratories.
The Deere & Company Headquarters, in Moline, Illinois, was designed by Eero Saarinen in 1957. Photo: Balthazar Korab
The Story of Saarinen's John Deere Headquarters
by Louise A. Mozingo
Carefully tucking away "the car's fat shine" was integral to the definitive Deere & Company Administrative Center in Moline, Illinois, later renamed Deere & Company World Headquarters.
The exemplar for all subsequent corporate estates, it brought together landscape, site plan, and architecture into an elegant and commanding solution. Deere definitively proved the corporate value of the high-image, high-style suburban headquarters.
In May 1955, William A. Hewitt became president of Deere & Company, then second to International Harvester in the farm machinery business and distinctly lagging in the emerging global market. By autumn 1955, Hewitt had authored a strategic plan to bring about industry leadership "in six key indices — sales, profit ratios, quality, new designs, safety of operations, and excellence in employee, dealer, stockholder, and public relations."
As a key part of the strategy, Hewitt included, "Build a new office building."
Hewitt realized that the company's Moline location needed an extra draw in the competitive labor market of the booming postwar economy and a consolidated image to create a global corporation.
Hewitt's document decisively relegates Deere's engineers to "handle power houses, foundries, supervision of factory layouts and purchase of machine tools but not architecture," and specifically describes the new office as a "campus." It evidences Hewitt's fundamental conception of the company's new work environment as a superlative landscape, not as a utilitarian structure.
Initially Hewitt obtained "a big box of architects' prospectuses" from his friend, the top Ford executive Robert McNamara, a classmate at Berkeley and Harvard Business School, who had recently directed the completion of a new administration building.
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Forte(TM) software from Weyerhaeuser is a powerful tool for
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This easy-to-use software allows quick comparisons of
White Paper on Anchoring Dimension Stone
Download a general guide from the Marble Institute of America
for tradespeople on the practice of mechanically anchoring
dimension stone, offering insight about how stone-anchorage
devices interface with stone panels and the building structure.
The bulletin also discusses common anchorage devices and gives
guidance on appropriate anchor devices in different situations.
Flying Robots Build 20-Foot-Tall Tower - MSNBC, 2011.1205
The New Digital Divide - New York Times, 2011.1204
Product News - Sustainable Upholstery Fabric
"Sting" from Camira is an upholstery fabric that
combines pure new wool (75 percent) with bast fiber
derived from cultivated nettle plants (25 percent),
without the need for any chemical processing or
additives. The design expresses a natural rustic charm,
with a soft, tasteful color palette inspired by the
English countryside and hedgerow. Camira was the first
UK textile company to meet the environmental management
standard ISO 14001, in 1996. Sustainable production
measures include waste diversion and energy-efficient
high-speed looms. The company's textiles are
manufactured in England and Lithuania, with a North
American distribution center in Indianapolis.
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What do you know about lightning? True or False:
The Empire State Building is struck
about seven times a year.
On average, a commercial airliner is struck once during
every 5,000 to 10,000 hours of flying time.
Roughly 2,000 thunderstorms are in progress over the
earth's surface at any given time, producing as many as
100 cloud-to-ground discharges every second.
The Midwestern states experience the most lightning
activity in the United States.
A lightning channel is about 8 inches (20 centimeters)
A lightning flash could light a 100-watt bulb for three
If you combine two sound sources, each at 50 decibels
(dB) what will be the resultant dB level? If you double
the distance to a sound source, you reduce the dB by how
Classic Home 027 — Colonial frame house by R. C. Hunter & Bro.
This type of colonial frame dwelling is particularly well suited for a location on gently sloping, wooded property such as that indicated in the photograph. The hooded entrance porch opens into a small vestibule, which is provided with a clothes closet. The vestibule forms part of a large central hall; at its rear is a staircase lighted by a window...
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