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    ArchitectureWeek Notes No. 542
    Dear ArchitectureWeek Readers,

    ArchitectureWeek No. 542 is now available on the Web, with these new design and building features, and more.

    This Notes edition is sponsored by Georgia-Pacific:


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    Murphy/Jahn designed the new Joe and Rika Mansueto Library on the campus of the University of Chicago. Photo: Rainer Viertlbock

    AIA's Best New Buildings from Chicago
    by ArchitectureWeek

    A glass dome rises from a lawn on the University of Chicago campus. This ellipsoidal structure by Murphy/Jahn — a counterpoint in form and materials to the eclectic buildings around it — is the refined tip of the iceberg for the Joe and Rika Mansueto Library.

    This new library building was recently honored by the Chicago chapter of the American Institute of Architects in its 2011 Design Excellence Awards. Honorees range from schools and corporate campuses to a zoo — most in the Chicago area, while ranging as far as Shanghai and Dubai.

    Underground Library

    Mansueto Library is primarily a vessel for compact book storage. The University of Chicago had sought to build a container that would house 3.5 million volumes using an automated storage and retrieval system.

    Rather than the above-ground box expected by the client, architect Helmut Jahn placed the collections storage underground, where the books can be kept more efficiently at the desired constant temperature of 60 degrees and 30 percent relative humidity. At ground level, the elliptical glass dome houses the building's people-oriented spaces, providing daylight and views while minimizing the building's profile, helping preserve the sense of open space in this part of campus.

    The 50,650-square-foot (4,706-square-meter) Mansueto Library contains only materials from other campus libraries, including the neighboring Regenstein Library — a brutalist limestone building designed by SOM's Walter Netsch. Users enter Mansueto through a bridge from Regenstein, leading into the new building's 8,000-square-foot (740-square-foot) reading room, which occupies the south end of the dome.

    At the center of the dome is the circulation desk, which serves as the portal for patrons requesting materials from the underground storage. At the north end, the library preservation department divides 6,000 square feet (560 square meters) of space into digitization and conservation laboratories.   *|FACEBOOK:LIKE|*   >>>


    The Deere & Company Headquarters, in Moline, Illinois, was designed by Eero Saarinen in 1957. Photo: Balthazar Korab

    The Story of Saarinen's John Deere Headquarters
    by Louise A. Mozingo

    Carefully tucking away "the car's fat shine" was integral to the definitive Deere & Company Administrative Center in Moline, Illinois, later renamed Deere & Company World Headquarters.

    The exemplar for all subsequent corporate estates, it brought together landscape, site plan, and architecture into an elegant and commanding solution. Deere definitively proved the corporate value of the high-image, high-style suburban headquarters.

    In May 1955, William A. Hewitt became president of Deere & Company, then second to International Harvester in the farm machinery business and distinctly lagging in the emerging global market. By autumn 1955, Hewitt had authored a strategic plan to bring about industry leadership "in six key indices — sales, profit ratios, quality, new designs, safety of operations, and excellence in employee, dealer, stockholder, and public relations."

    As a key part of the strategy, Hewitt included, "Build a new office building."

    Hewitt realized that the company's Moline location needed an extra draw in the competitive labor market of the booming postwar economy and a consolidated image to create a global corporation.

    Hewitt's document decisively relegates Deere's engineers to "handle power houses, foundries, supervision of factory layouts and purchase of machine tools but not architecture," and specifically describes the new office as a "campus." It evidences Hewitt's fundamental conception of the company's new work environment as a superlative landscape, not as a utilitarian structure.

    Initially Hewitt obtained "a big box of architects' prospectuses" from his friend, the top Ford executive Robert McNamara, a classmate at Berkeley and Harvard Business School, who had recently directed the completion of a new administration building.   *|FACEBOOK:LIKE|*   >>>


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    Flying Robots Build 20-Foot-Tall Tower - MSNBC, 2011.1205

    The New Digital Divide - New York Times, 2011.1204

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    "Sting" from Camira is an upholstery fabric that combines pure new wool (75 percent) with bast fiber derived from cultivated nettle plants (25 percent), without the need for any chemical processing or additives. The design expresses a natural rustic charm, with a soft, tasteful color palette inspired by the English countryside and hedgerow. Camira was the first UK textile company to meet the environmental management standard ISO 14001, in 1996. Sustainable production measures include waste diversion and energy-efficient high-speed looms. The company's textiles are manufactured in England and Lithuania, with a North American distribution center in Indianapolis.


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    Contents, RSS, and Surface of the Week

    Coursed ashlar on inside-corner turret with corbelled jetty and adjacent upper story, other walls of brick. (WA-289)


    Architecture Quiz this week's new question...

    What do you know about lightning? True or False:

    The Empire State Building is struck about seven times a year.

    On average, a commercial airliner is struck once during every 5,000 to 10,000 hours of flying time.

    Roughly 2,000 thunderstorms are in progress over the earth's surface at any given time, producing as many as 100 cloud-to-ground discharges every second.

    The Midwestern states experience the most lightning activity in the United States.

    A lightning channel is about 8 inches (20 centimeters) in diameter.

    A lightning flash could light a 100-watt bulb for three months.

    Architecture Answer for last week's quiz...

    If you combine two sound sources, each at 50 decibels (dB) what will be the resultant dB level? If you double the distance to a sound source, you reduce the dB by how much?



    Classic Home 027 — Colonial frame house by R. C. Hunter & Bro.

    This type of colonial frame dwelling is particularly well suited for a location on gently sloping, wooded property such as that indicated in the photograph. The hooded entrance porch opens into a small vestibule, which is provided with a clothes closet. The vestibule forms part of a large central hall; at its rear is a staircase lighted by a window... "


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    Continuing dimensions...
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    Five years ago in ArchitectureWeek:
        Prefab Platinum, by Allison Milionis



    Ten years ago in ArchitectureWeek:
        Wilkinson Eyre Win Stirling Prize, by Don Barker

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