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    ArchitectureWeek Notes No. 539
    Dear ArchitectureWeek Readers,

    ArchitectureWeek No. 539 is now available on the Web, with these new design and building features, and more. This Notes edition is sponsored by FSB:

    FSB

    Hardware and Systems for Architecture by FSB

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    The new U.S. Institute of Peace building, designed by Moshe Safdie, is seen in the lower left of this aerial photo with a swooping roof of translucent glazing. Photo: Timothy Hursley

    Moshe Safdie Builds for Peace
    by Katherine Gustafson

    From the intersection of 23rd Street and Constitution Avenue in Washington, D.C., at a corner of the U.S. National Mall near the Potomac River, the grandeur of the Lincoln Memorial is due south, and war-related memorials to Vietnam veterans, World War II, and George Washington, among others, unfold to the left, southeastward.

    Turning further left, counterclockwise, to look north-northeast from the crossroads, one faces the expanse of the Truman Building, home to the U.S. Department of State, originally built 1939 to 1941.

    Turning again to the left, to face northwest, one now faces the luminous new headquarters of the U.S. Institute of Peace, with its dramatic, curvaceous roof canopy.

    Designed by Moshe Safdie, this new landmark provides the first permanent home for the peace institute, created by the U.S. Congress in 1984 as an independent, nonpartisan center for nonviolent conflict management.

    In support of the institute's mission, Safdie has created an open, window-intensive layout organized around two soaring, curving, daylit atria. The expression of connection and community among the institute's staff and building visitors is palpable.

    P&P Image

    The second atrium is a curving three-story volume with a glazed western end looking out to the Potomac River. Photo: Timothy Hursley

    "I'm not one who believes in overt symbolism, but my sense of a building dedicated to peace was a sense of the lightness of being," said Safdie during a recent press tour of the new institute headquarters.

    "We worked hard to make the roof translucent and almost weightless. It should be a serene building. It should not be an aggressive building. It should be full of light."

    The LEED Gold-certified structure also succeeds as a monumental edifice befitting its place in the urban frame of the National Mall. The curving glass-bound space of the atria separates concrete volumes punctuated by grids of window openings, these rectilinear elements - expressed both inside and outside - serving to visually connect the building with more traditional Federalist government architecture - reusing and reinterpreting a key Safdie motif from both Salt Lake City and Vancouver, B.C.   >>>

     
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    While editing a complex roof in ArchiCAD 15, the roof form maintains its associativity, as well as connections to neighboring roof objects it has been trimmed against. Image: AECbytes

    ArchiCAD 15: Part 1
    by Lachmi Khemlani

    Recently we took a detailed look at the capabilities of the 2012 release of Revit Architecture, in which the new features and enhancements are spread out across many different aspects of the application.

    In contrast, the new release of ArchiCAD, a competing BIM application, is focused on one main theme - "design freedom" - and includes new tools and features that greatly expand ArchiCAD's ability to model "freeform" buildings while still retaining the BIM nature of the model.

    I find it very interesting how Graphisoft usually takes on a specific theme for a new release of ArchiCAD and then tackles that in a very comprehensive manner, such as it did for ArchiCAD 13 with its BIM server and improved model-based collaboration capabilities — which other BIM applications are still attempting to catch up with.

    In the same way, ArchiCAD 15 tackles its earlier lack of built-in freeform modeling tools head-on, with a brand-new Shell tool that is capable of modeling a broad spectrum of forms, a revamped Roof tool that allows quick modeling of complex roofs, and several interface enhancements that make 3D modeling easier and more accurate.

    Other key enhancements in ArchiCAD 15 include support for renovation and refurbishment projects, with a new Renovation palette providing the relevant functionality; improvements to its IFC interface and open collaboration workflow with engineers; full 64-bit support for the Mac OS; and improvements to the parametric object libraries. Let's take a detailed look at these new features.

    Increased Design Freedom

    Graphisoft was inspired to take on the theme of design freedom for its new release of ArchiCAD by looking at the history of architecture, both ancient and modern, which is replete with examples of freeform building shapes.   >>>

     
    P&P Image

    The new airport terminal at Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport, by Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects and Stantec. Photo: Courtesy Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects

    People and Places
    by Nancy Novitski

    Pelli Clarke Pelli with Stantec in Winnipeg, CanadaStudio E Architects in Davis, CaliforniaFARO Architecten in Elspeet, NetherlandsLeo A Daly in Los Angeles, CaliforniaMenkès Shooner Dagenais LeTourneux Architectes in Montreal, CanadaHKS in Denton, TexasBFLS in Cardiff, Wales, United KingdomOWP/P Cannon Design in Flagstaff, ArizonaFoster + Partners with URS and SMPC Architects in Sierra County, New MexicoZaha Hadid in London, England, United Kingdom

    Winnipeg — 2011.1030
    A new terminal has opened at Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, based in New Haven, Connecticut, designed the building in collaboration with Stantec.

    The long, low building features extensive glazing, which transmits daylight and allows passengers to see through the facility, across the prairie, and to downtown Winnipeg. The building also features skylights, an atrium, glass boarding bridges, undulating wood ceilings, and wood-paneled walls.

    LEED certification is targeted. Overall, the building is 25 percent more efficient than Canada's Model National Energy Code for Buildings.

    In addition to the new terminal, Pelli Clarke Pelli's work included the airport's redevelopment master plan and the design of a parking garage.

    P&P Image

    With green features including daylighting and a solar thermal array, the Health and Learning Center at Northern Arizona University is seeking LEED Gold certification. Photo: Courtesy OWP/P Cannon Design

    Flagstaff — 2011.1018
    The Health and Learning Center recently opened at Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff, Arizona. Originally conceived as a $34 million expansion project to add health programs to the existing recreation center, the project evolved to include a complete overhaul of Lumberjack Stadium and two floors of classrooms. The architect was the Phoenix office of OWP/P Cannon Design.

    Consolidating the program elements into this $83.2 million, 287,650-square-foot (26,724-square-meter) expansion and renovation project is estimated to have saved the university about $12 million. The "fusion" building houses a 56,600-square-foot (5,260-square-meter) student health clinic, 69,950 square feet (6,500 square meters) of classrooms, 121,600 square feet (11,300 square meters) of student recreation space, 39,500 square feet (3,670 square meters) of athletics space to meet NCAA Title IX requirements, and substantial improvements to Lumberjack Stadium.   >>>

     
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    Known primarily for its use in major transportation projects, EPS Geofoam is being discovered by engineers to be the material of choice for an extensive array of commercial applications. The high compressive strength, light weight and predictable performance of Geofoam has made it especially appealing for reducing weight on concrete decks, creating green roofs, providing fill for floor elevation changes and landscapes or reducing lateral pressure on foundations and retaining walls....

     
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    ThyssenKrupp Elevator Americas has launched the 2.0 version of its Energy Calculator, a free online tool for predicting the energy consumption of elevators. Of interest to architects, elevator consultants, facility managers, and building owners involved in new construction and building modernization projects.  
     
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    Z Corporation offers a white paper that discusses the inception and evolution of 3D printing, explores in depth how a 3D printer produces a physical model, and examines the defining attributes of a Z Corporation 3D printer and the technology decisions that produced them. Free download:
     

    ArchiCAD 15: Part 1 - ArchitectureWeek, 2011.1109

    Geomagic Studio 2012 Released - TenLinks, 2011.1109

    Take Control of File Translation - Cadalyst, 2011.1108

    Bentley Be Inspired 2011 - Desktop Engineering, 2011.1108

    What CAD Cloud? - Cadalyst, 2011.1108


     
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    Contents, RSS, and Surface of the Week

    Modern facade elements in wood, glass, steel, and stucco (WA-208)

     

    Architecture Quiz this week's new question...

    What is an architrave and what does it do?

     
    Architecture Answer for last week's quiz...

    In older buildings with thin-stone anchorage systems using carbon steel shims and anchors, the sealants occasionally fail and the steel can corrode.

    Which statement correctly explains this?

    a) The corroded steel is greater in volume than uncorroded steel, and joints inadequate to accommodate this volume increase sometimes fail.

    or

    b) The corroded steel is lesser in volume than uncorroded steel, and connections become loose due to the volume decrease and sometimes fail.


     
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    Classic Home 024 — Compact Western-type house by Charles E. White, Jr.

    "Here is a fine Western type of house which is suitable for a comparatively small lot. The porch, included in the floor plan, forms an outdoor vestibule for the entrance to the large living room, in which there is a cheerful fireplace. The opening into the dining room might be widened, if desired, to turn almost the entire first floor into one room... "

     

     
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