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    ArchitectureWeek Notes No. 510
    Dear ArchitectureWeek Readers,

    ArchitectureWeek No. 510 is now available on the Web, with these new design and building features, and more. This Notes edition is sponsored by Wiley:

    Wiley

    Essential Step-by-Step Guidebook for Making Communities Resilient and Healthy

    Sustainable and Resilient Communities helps urban planners and designers create and implement plans for making communities more environmentally healthy, resource-conserving, and economically resilient. Featuring diverse case studies, it delineates measures for repairing, retrofitting, and transforming built environments.

    Read a sample chapter

     
     
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    A lone Japanese house floats far out to sea, off the coast of Sendai. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Dylan McCord

    EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI IN JAPAN
    by ArchitectureWeek

    As the world knows, a huge earthquake of magnitude 8.9 or 9.0 and devastating tsunami hit Japan on Friday afternoon, with impacts centering in the vicinity of Sendai.

    Preliminary estimates of the death toll are surpassing 10,000 (Reuters). "Tens of thousands for sure" (NHK). Thousands of deaths are confirmed so far across Japan, and a larger number of people are missing.

    "Many areas of the town are simply gone" in Sendai (CNN) and other communities. Major tsunami damage is reported for a length of 500 km (over 300 miles) along the northeastern Japan coastline. To date, though losses due directly to earthquake shaking appear to be significant, the losses from tsunami inundation appear to be very much greater.

    Communications are largely down and roads are blocked by debris in much of the disaster area. Water, food, and transportation fuel are in short supply. Nearly all train lines remain shut down in the broad disaster area, and all Shinkansen service northeast from Tokyo was suspended. Japan Rail announced limited national service on Monday.

    More than 440,000 people were confirmed to be in some 2,400 evacuation shelters (NHK) across northeastern Japan, but the actual number may be much higher. Nights are cold and heating is in short supply in shelters. Rain and snow has started in the disaster area.

    People are also still waiting for rescue outdoors, and in many isolated locations, as many smaller communities and parts of larger communities remain isolated by flooding, debris, and road damage. Thirty-two bridges are currently reported damaged, and 66 landslides are reported (NHK). Widespread debris is even hampering helicopter rescues. As of Monday morning, 24,000 residents were identified as stranded in 80 isolated locations (NHK).  >>>

     

     
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    The accumulation of hydrogen vented from the reactor #3 containment vessel caused an explosion on Monday, tearing open the containment building. Image courtesy NTV/NNN

     

    Triple Three Mile Island in Progress
    by Kevin Matthews

    A major compound nuclear accident has accompanied the natural disaster in Japan, with the engineering and public health situation still unfolding rapidly.

    The ongoing crisis at four or more reactor units is already at the level of the famous Three Mile Island nuclear accident in the U.S., times three or more. According to Reuters, this perspective was supported by the French nuclear agency (ASN) on Monday.

    The crisis in Japan is not well under control, and the situation still threatens to get worse.   >>>

     
     
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    Google, Local Platforms Respond to Japan's 8.9 Earthquake Crisis - CNN, 2011.0311

    UTS Studies New BIM Technology at Frank Gehry's Sydney Building - Architecture & Design (Australia), 2011.0310

    Just How 3D Are We? Part 2 - Cadalyst, 2011.0309

    Design Excellence in Two Dimensions - Cadalyst, 2011.0308

    Apply Custom View Styles to Your Designs in Solid Edge - Cadalyst, 2011.0307

    Newforma Project Center Eighth Edition - AECbytes, 2011.0302


     
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    Contents, RSS, and Surface of the Week

    Stucco and wood-planked infill; timber-frame construction; traditional Japanese wood lattice window (WA-274)

     

    Architecture Quiz this week's new question...

    Imagine you are renovating a building and your structural engineer wants to add new elements to deal with the possibility of drift. He says that, among other things, drift can cause nonstructural damage to piping and finishes. Drift refers to which of the following:

    A. Movement or sliding of the building at the framing-to-foundation connection.

    B. Horizontal deflection, or displacement of one floor level in relation to the floor levels above or below.

    C. A condition sometimes encountered at oceanfront properties where soft sandy soils can become saturated and cause abrupt and uneven settling.

     
    Architecture Answer for last week's quiz...

    Asphalt emulsions are often used on below-grade basement foundations. Will this coating give you a damp-proof or a waterproof application? In general, what is the fundamental difference between a damp-proof and waterproof application?


     
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    Classic Home 066Eames House by Charles and Ray Eames
     
    "Also known as Case Study House No. 8, this two-bedroom, two-bathroom house in Pacific Palisades, California served as both residence and studio for Charles and Ray Eames. The house sits at the edge of a clearing, partially set into a hillside to minimize site disturbance."
     

     
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