Page D1.3. 25 January 2012                     
ArchitectureWeek - Design Department
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New Australian Architecture — Australian Architecture Awards 2011

House in Surry HillsInnova21 at the University of AdelaideMagney House by Glenn Murcuttone40william in PerthMixed-Use in SydneyAustralian War Memorial near CanberraState Theatre Centre of Western AustraliaEcosciences Precinct in Brisbane

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One40william combines new construction with existing buildings over a large block, bounded on two sides by pedestrian streets.
Photo: © Archer Imagery Extra Large Image

Commercial Block Tops Perth Subway Station

The one40william building is a new commercial development in Perth, Western Australia, designed by Hassell to respond to a diverse array of constraints.

Located above the Perth Underground railway station, the project occupies a block bounded by two pedestrian malls and two major street frontages, near a rail yard at the northern edge of Perth's central business district. Not only is the 20-story, 46,000-square-meter (500,000-square-foot) complex designed to perform efficiently in Perth's climate, but it also incorporates three restored historic buildings and the facade of a fourth.

The design creates a lively, permeable streetscape. Three office towers rise up from the building's base, which contains two stories of retail, dining, and entertainment businesses. At ground level, the building provides prominent entrances to the underground train station, along with passageways connecting adjacent streets.

The awards jury praised the project for succeeding at multiple scales: "At the scale of the city, the massing of the building provides a rich addition to the built form of Perth as it responds to the variety of built form around it."

"At the scale of the building, the floor plates take the form of a series of parallel slabs, allowing light and air to permeate the workspaces within," continued the jury. "At the scale of the pedestrian, the project provides a dense network of laneways and public places."

"The project essentially transformed this city block into a city fabric."

Seeming at first to be a somewhat cacophonous collection of misaligned volumes, the building was "designed from the inside out rather than fitting functions into a predetermined aesthetic," according to Hassell. The rooftops of many volumes are planted with gardens, some of them accessible.

The building features daylighting, self-shading, high-performance glazing, a graywater treatment plant, and high-efficiency, low-temperature VAV air-conditioning. The project has achieved a 5 Star Green Star rating under the Green Star Office Design system and is targeting the same rating under Office As Built.

 

Mixed-Use in Sydney

At the corner of Waterloo and Adelaide Streets in Surry Hills, Sydney, Candalepas Associates substantially modified the design of the mixed-use Waterloo Street apartment building from an existing approved development application prepared by Frost Architecture.

The ground floor of the five-story structure consists of commercial and retail spaces, while the four floors above contain apartments in a variety of sizes and layouts. Hugging both street frontages, the building defines a courtyard at the rear of the site.

Balconies, timber screens, and concrete projections are arrayed in a series of rhythmic patterns on the street facades, creating visual texture and a canvas of shifting light and shadow. "While the palette for the project is deliberately limited and disciplined, a rich spatial and architectural experience has been created," commented the jury.

The design enables cross-ventilation and good solar access; materials were chosen for low maintenance requirements and high thermal mass.

The jury called the slight setback at the corner "a counter-intuitive gesture that actually emphasizes the public domain," noting that, fittingly, a restaurant has taken this corner space.

 
ArchWeek Image
Johnson Pilton Walker designed a reserved new one-story concrete-and-glass cafe building for the eastern precinct redevelopment of the Australian War Memorial grounds in Canberra. This development represents the last phase of a master plan commissioned in 2001. Photo: © Brett Boardman Extra Large Image

Australian War Memorial Update

First established in 1941, the Australian War Memorial in Campbell, an inner suburb of Canberra, commemorates Australia's war dead through a combined shrine, museum, and archive building set among lawns and trees.

Architect Richard Johnson of Johnson Pilton Walker was engaged in 2001 to prepare a plan for redevelopment of the memorial grounds — a nationally significant site that is included in the Commonwealth and National Heritage Lists and the Parliament House Vista Conservation List.

The final phase of that development, in the site's eastern precinct, has now been completed, with architecture and landscape architecture services provided by Johnson Pilton Walker. The complex project called for, among other things, improvements to visitor amenities and to the movement, parking, and arrival of thousands of buses and their passengers.   >>>

 

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One40william is a stepped, multivolume commercial office and retail building in Perth, Western Australia.
Photo: © Peter Bennetts Extra Large Image

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Several multistory atria are located throughout the upper floors of one40william, designed by Hassell.
Photo: © Archer Imagery Extra Large Image

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one40william northeast-southwest section drawing looking southeast.
Image: Hassell Extra Large Image

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The retail-dominated ground-floor level of one40william is permeated by pedestrian passageways and entrances to the Perth Underground train station.
Photo: © Peter Bennetts Extra Large Image

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The five-story, mixed-use Waterloo Street apartment building at the corner of Waterloo and Adelaide Streets in Surry Hills, Sydney includes four stories of housing.
Photo: © Brett Boardman Extra Large Image

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Waterloo Street apartment building ground-floor plan drawing.
Image: Candalepas Associates Extra Large Image

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The predominantly concrete Waterloo Street building combines ground-floor commercial and retail spaces with residential units on the upper floors.
Photo: © Brett Boardman Extra Large Image

 

 

 

 

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In addition to the new building, the eastern precinct redevelopment includes a multilevel plaza that steps down from a cafe toward the new National Service Memorial fountain.
Photo: © Brett Boardman Extra Large Image

 

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