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    National AIA Awards

    continued

    LEED Silver certification is currently being sought for One Jackson Square. Sustainable design features include high-efficiency heating and cooling systems, low-e exterior glass, operable windows, proximity to subway and bus stops, and an expansive sedum green roof. At least half the wood-based materials and products are FSC-certified.

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    Schuman Lichtenstein Claman Efron (SLCE Architects) served as associate architect.

    New Acropolis Museum

    How do you design a museum to house significant sculptures of Greek antiquity just 300 meters (1,000 feet) from the Parthenon?

    Bernard Tschumi's answer was to avoid monumentalism, instead seeking simplicity and clarity, and maintaining respectful focus on the ancient relics both within the museum and surrounding it. His firm designed the New Acropolis Museum in Athens, a new 21,000-square-meter (226,000-square-foot) building that houses surviving antiquities of the Acropolis formerly held in multiple locations, including the much smaller Acropolis Museum dating to the 19th century.

    In addition to addressing its collections and context, the design had to preserve and integrate an archeological excavation on the site, undertaken for several years prior to the building's construction.

    The museum consists of three layers. The base seems to float over the excavation, supported by a network of slender, carefully placed concrete columns, with glass floors and openings revealing the ancient city in situ below. Above, galleries occupy the museum's middle section, which is trapezoidal in plan and reaches a height of ten meters (33 feet).

    At the top of the building is the Parthenon Gallery, a rectangular box rotated 23 degrees from the building below to align with the Parthenon. This dramatic, glass-enclosed space — over seven meters (23 feet) tall and 2,050 square meters (22,100 square feet) in area — allows visitors to simultaneously view the Parthenon Frieze inside and the ancient temple itself outside.

    The visitor circulation route is a clear three-dimensional loop following the chronological sequence of collection installations, from prehistory through the late Roman period. Visitors travel up from the lobby via escalator to the double-height galleries, up again to the Parthenon Gallery, and back down to the Roman Empire galleries before exiting toward the Acropolis.

    Daylight enters through skylights and walls of shaded glass. The simple material palette also includes precast and cast-in-place concrete for the main building structure, and marble floors in black and light beige. Local architecture firm Michael Photiadis/ ARSY Ltd served as associate architect.   >>>

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    Although the facade of One Jackson Square is based on a single undulating curve, no two floors have coplanar curtain walls. The building's spandrel detailing varies from place to place to accommodate this irregularity.
    Photo: Raimund Koch Extra Large Image

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    One Jackson Square floor plan drawings.
    Image: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates Extra Large Image

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    East-west section and spandrel-panel detail section drawings of One Jackson Square.
    Image: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates Extra Large Image

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    The New Acropolis Museum, in Athens, Greece, was designed by Bernard Tschumi Architects, with local architect Michael Photiadis/ ARSY Ltd.
    Photo: Christian Richters Extra Large Image

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    The ground floor of the concrete New Acropolis Museum hovers above the site's archeological excavations of residential buildings from the 4th to 7th centuries A.D.
    Photo: Peter Mauss/ Esto Extra Large Image

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    The New Acropolis Museum is located just south of the Acropolis.
    Photo: Courtesy Bernard Tschumi Architects Extra Large Image

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    Fourth-floor plan and north-south section drawings of the New Acropolis Museum.
    Image: Bernard Tschumi Architects Extra Large Image

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    The uppermost floor of the New Acropolis Museum is devoted to relics from the Parthenon, whose floor plan it closely mimics.
    Photo: Courtesy Bernard Tschumi Architects Extra Large Image

     

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