Page N1.3. 31 May 2006                     
ArchitectureWeek - News Department
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QUIZ

AIA Green Buildings 2006

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The new building creates connections to the rich natural environment of a large wooded area along the north end of school's site. Two-story classroom wings reach like fingers toward the woods and visually connect students with nature. Between the wings, courtyards landscaped with native plants and an intermittent stream fed by roof runoff serve as outdoor classrooms.

Recognizing that daylight and indoor air quality positively affect student performance, the architects strove to maximize performance in these areas. The classrooms are entirely daylit and naturally ventilated; these functions also decrease energy consumption.

The Animal Foundation Dog Adoption Park, Las Vegas, by Tate Snyder Kimsey Architects is an animal shelter consisting of "dog bungalows," each containing 12 kennels, outdoor runs, and a visitation room. The bungalows are shaded by freestanding canopies supporting photovoltaic panels.

Because of southern Nevada's hot, dry climate, the architects focused on reducing the cooling load and water use. This was unexpectedly compatible with the health needs of the dogs, which thrive in daylight and fresh air.

So the bungalows' form and orientation are governed by daylighting and wind-powered ventilation, thereby reducing cooling loads. Typically, the greatest use of water in caring for canines is for waste removal; so the team incorporated a plant that treats all wastewater for reuse on site.

The Warren Skaaren Environmental Learning Center at Westcave Preserve, Dripping Springs, Texas, by Jackson & McElhaney is a small 3,030-square-foot (281-square-meter) visitor center and classroom space.

The architects conceived the center as a "three-dimensional textbook" to illustrate the complexities of the natural sciences and ecology and introduce young visitors to the concepts of energy conservation and of protecting the quality of air, water, and soils.

A rainwater collection and filtration system demonstrates water quality and water cycles. Wetlands and composting toilets show recycling of materials in nature. Building orientation, a weather station, ventilation fans, and operable windows relate to air currents and indoor air quality. Stone walls illustrate fossils of local sedimentary stones. Energy systems such as a photovoltaic array, ground-source heat pumps, daylighting, ample insulation, overhangs, attic fans, and efficient lighting are integrated into the building.

The Solar Umbrella, Venice, California, by Pugh + Scarpa is the only single-family residence among this years' Top Ten Green. The two-story, 1,790-square-foot (166-square-meter) house is 65 percent new construction and 35 percent renovation of a 1923 building.

The architects used the 1953 "Umbrella House" by Paul Rudolph as inspiration for a contemporary reinvention of the solar canopy. Eighty-nine silicon solar panels protect the shell from heat gain while transforming the sunlight into usable energy, providing the residence with 95 percent of its electricity. Although the completed structure is three times the size of the original house, the net increase in lot coverage is less than 400 square feet (37 square meters).

The COTE Top Ten jury included Kevin Burke AIA, William McDonough + Partners; David Miller, FAIA, The Miller/Hull Partnership; World Green Buildings Council Acting President Kath Williams, PhD, Kath Williams + Associates; Kevin Hydes, PE, Stantec Inc.; Catriona Campbell Winter, The Clark Construction Group; and AIA President-elect RK Stewart, FAIA, Gensler.

This eighth annual AIA/COTE initiative was cosponsored by U.S. EPA's Energy Star program and the National Building Museum.

 

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Philadelphia Forensic Center, by the Croxton Collaborative Architects, was selected as one of the "Top Ten Green" projects for 2006.
Photo: Croxton Collaborative Architects

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Philadelphia Forensic Center.
Photo: Barry Halkin

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Ben Franklin Elementary School by Mahlum Architects.
Photo: Benjamin Benschneider

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Ben Franklin Elementary School.
Photo: Benjamin Benschneider

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Animal Foundation Dog Adoption Park by Tate Snyder Kimsey Architects.
Photo: Tom Bonner

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Animal Foundation Dog Adoption Park.
Photo: Tom Bonner

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Warren Skaaren Environmental Learning Center at Westcave Preserve, by Jackson & McElhaney.
Photo: Ron Sprouse

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Solar Umbrella house by Pugh + Scarpa.
Photo: Marvin Rand

 

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