Page D3.2 . 26 May 2004                     
ArchitectureWeek - Design Department
NEWS   |   DESIGN   |   BUILDING   |   DESIGN TOOLS   |   ENVIRONMENT   |   CULTURE
< Prev Page Next Page >
 
DESIGN
 
  •  
  • Libeskind in London
     
  •  
  • Sydney Bistro
     
  •  
  • Hong Kong's New Tallest

    [an error occurred while processing this directive]
    AND MORE
      Current Contents
      Blog Center
      Download Center
      New Products
      Products Guide
      Classic Home
      Architecture Forum
      Architects Directory
      Topics Library
      Complete Archive
      Web Directory
      About ArchWeek
      Search
      Subscribe & Contribute
      Free Newsletters
       

     
    QUIZ

    [an error occurred while processing this directive]

    Hong Kong's New Tallest

    continued

    The floors areas are somewhat smaller near the top, giving the structure a gently tapering appearance on the skyline. It is topped by a sculptural "crown" reaching inward and upward. At 1400 feet (420 meters), the building is the highest in Hong Kong, a city known for its many highrises.

    Building services engineering firm J. Roger Preston devised a cooling system using seawater and a system of 62 elevators that satisfies a target waiting time of only 30 seconds despite a projected building population of 15,000. Two independent permanent power supplies serve the building with dual risers to each floor. Despite this redundancy, there are also backup generators.

    During the tower's construction in 2001, the World Trade Center in New York was attacked, causing the Two ifc structural engineers from Arup to review the safety of their design. Leslie Robertson assured clients that the Hong Kong building had been engineered to withstand far greater pressures than the older New York highrises.

    Quoted in the South China Morning Post on the event of the building's opening in December 2003, Robertson said: "Life is a risk and you cannot base engineering decisions on severe catastrophic events, like an airliner hitting them or an atomic device going off. The biggest realistic risk in any building is fire, and I believe Two ifc has extremely good measures both structurally and in terms of regulations and evacuation. It can also withstand huge wind loads. I would say if not the safest, it is one of the safest buildings on the planet."

    Wind loads governed the original structural design, which should be able to withstand the force of 200-year typhoons. The extensive use of concrete for the core and mega-columns provides superior robustness against impact and fire-resistance compared to other common types of highrise construction.

    Structural redundancy is such that large sections of the building could be damaged without resulting in collapse. There are four stairwells for emergency evacuation, which could be accomplished in less than half an hour in the event of extreme events.

    This will leave the building's occupants free, no doubt, to work in peace and to enjoy the amenities of upscale shopping and dining in a beautiful location within easy access to Hong Kong's airport, trains, and ferries.

    Discuss this article in the Architecture Forum...

     
    Project Credits

    Developers: Sun Hung Kai Properties, Henderson Land Development, The Hong Kong and China Gas Company, and The Sun Chung Estate Company
    Architects: Cesar Pelli & Associates and Rocco Design Ltd.
    Structural engineer: Arup
    Civil engineer: Maunsell Consultants Asia Ltd.
    Building services engineers: J. Roger Preston Ltd.
    Quantity surveyor: Levett & Bailey
    General contractor: E. Man-Sanfield JV Construction Co., Ltd.

    AW

    ArchWeek Image

    Two towers of the International Finance Centre in Hong Kong by Cesar Pelli and Rocco Design.
    Photo: Marcel Lam Photography

    ArchWeek Image

    One of several elevator lobbies of Two ifc.
    Photo: Marcel Lam Photography

    ArchWeek Image

    Building section of Two ifc tower, with a four-story retail mall and a six-story basement.
    Image: Cesar Pelli & Associates

    ArchWeek Image

    Typical office floor plan, Two ifc.
    Image: Cesar Pelli & Associates

    ArchWeek Image

    Central atrium of the shopping mall.
    Photo: Marcel Lam Photography

    ArchWeek Image

    The building has its own airport express terminal.
    Photo: Marcel Lam Photography

    ArchWeek Image

    High-tech building services in a 21st-century highrise.
    Photo: Marcel Lam Photography

    ArchWeek Image

    "Crown" and satellite dish top the Two ifc tower.
    Photo: Marcel Lam Photography

     

    Click on thumbnail images
    to view full-size pictures.

     
    < Prev Page Next Page > Send this to a friend       Subscribe       Contribute       Media Kit       Privacy       Comments
    ARCHWEEK   |   GREAT BUILDINGS   |   DISCUSSION   |   BOOKS   |   FREE 3D   |   SEARCH
      ArchitectureWeek.com © 2004 Artifice, Inc. - All Rights Reserved