Page C2.1 . 25 June 2003                     
ArchitectureWeek - Culture Department
< Prev Page Next Page >
  • Stereo Photography for Architecture
  • From Vernacular to Modern in Sweden

      [an error occurred while processing this directive]
      Current Contents
      Blog Center
      Download Center
      New Products
      Products Guide
      Classic Home
      Architecture Forum
      Architects Directory
      Topics Library
      Complete Archive
      Web Directory
      About ArchWeek
      Subscribe & Contribute
      Free Newsletters


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]

    From Vernacular to Modern in Sweden

    by Olof Kallstenius

    The history of architecture in Sweden over the last four centuries is one of "functionalistic eclecticism," with traditions borrowed from other cultures, molded by national politics, and blended into uniquely Swedish form.

    Sweden's traditional building culture was anonymous, exemplified by the Bjoerkvik storehouse, a nobleman's showpiece. But in the 1600s, Sweden began to fight its way to a position of international influence that spurred huge architectural ambitions. The traditional artistry continued and coexisted with high-profile architecture.

    Yet the older forms were considered unworthy for the sought-after self-esteem, and nobility made a massive effort to furnish their estates with modern architecture. An educational program was set up, and promising youth were sent on government-sponsored tours of Europe to learn about classical art and architecture.

    The first steps to create a truly national style were taken by 17th-century architect Nicodemus Tessin the Elder. He renounced the joyful individuality seen in early Swedish baroque and tried instead to turn the whole of the country into his own Cittą ideale.

    Tessin used what he believed was the best of European art. From the Renaissance he brought serene and timeless expressions to his churches. In his secular buildings he combined contemporary French, Dutch, and Italian motifs with older Swedish ones. His artistic will and talent was devoted to expressing the glory of God, king, and country.   >>>

    Discuss this article in the Architecture Forum...


    ArchWeek Image

    A repository from the Bjoerkvik manor is an example of anonymous traditional architecture in Sweden before the 17th century.
    Photo: Olof Kallstenius

    ArchWeek Image

    The House of Nobles in Stockholm, designed in the 1640s by several architects.
    Photo: Olof Kallstenius


    Click on thumbnail images
    to view full-size pictures.

    < Prev Page Next Page > Send this to a friend       Subscribe       Contribute       Media Kit       Privacy       Comments
    AW   |   GREAT BUILDINGS   |   DISCUSSION   |   SCRAPBOOK   |   BOOKS   |   FREE 3D   |   SEARCH © 2003 Artifice, Inc. - All Rights Reserved