Page D2.1 . 02 January 2002                     
ArchitectureWeek - Design Department
< Prev Page Next Page >
  • Interview with an Emerging Architect
  • New Directions in Wood
  • New Generation Architecture

      Current Contents
      Blog Center
      Download Center
      New Products
      Products Guide
      Classic Home
      Architecture Forum
      Architects Directory
      Topics Library
      Complete Archive
      Web Directory
      About ArchWeek
      Subscribe & Contribute
      Free Newsletters


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]

    New Directions in Wood

    by Naomi Stungo

    Wood has been used as a building material for thousands of years. Throughout history, as illustrated by ancient Greek temple design, wooden buildings served as the predecessors and prototypes of architectural designs which were not carried out in stone until a much later date.

    The way wood grows lends itself to two fundamentally different modes of construction: strips of wood can be placed vertically, creating a root-like structure over an open space, or it can be arranged in horizontal layers to create an enclosed area.

    There is a centuries-long tradition of log construction in Europe and northern Asia. The technical limitations of this horizontal mode of construction are clearly apparent: spans which are longer than the natural length of a log create problems. Moreover, this type of construction is very wood-intensive.

    Examples of vertical constructions can be found going back as far as the Stone Age. In areas with a restricted wood supply, the technique of arranging the wood in a "framework" construction was perfected at an early stage: this method characteristically uses posts and bars of similar size and a story-by-story mode of construction.

    Framework construction subsequently evolved into post-and-beam construction, and later into wood frame construction, probably the most common construction method used in the world today.

    This article is excerpted from Wood: New Directions in Design and Architecture by Naomi Stungo, with permission of the publisher, Chronicle Books, Inc.   >>>



    ArchWeek Image

    The main entrance to the The Lappish Civic Center by architects Bjerk & Byorge.
    Photo: Eilif Bjørge

    ArchWeek Image

    Shops and workshops open onto a wide concourse.
    Photo: Eilif Bjørge


    Click on thumbnail images
    to view full-size pictures.

    < Prev Page Next Page > Send this to a friend       Subscribe       Contribute       Advertise       Privacy       Comments
    GREAT BUILDINGS   |   DISCUSSION   |   SCRAPBOOK   |   COMMUNITY   |   BOOKS   |   FREE 3D   |   SEARCH © 2002 Artifice, Inc. - All Rights Reserved