GE Lighting Awards 2001
The entire church is illuminated using two types of tungsten halogen sources: 500-watt line voltage and 240-watt low voltage PAR56 lamps. A twenty-zone preset dimming system controls every layer of light to accommodate specific church functions.
Wallwashers with 500-watt medium flood lamps vertically illuminate the louvers and cross. Adjustable fixtures, using the same lamp, provide over-the-shoulder horizontal illumination for the congregation. Very narrow 240-watt spot lamps accent the ambo and altar.
Louvers whose positions respond to the sun's angle focus daylight on the altar and 45-foot- (14-meter-) high cross, bringing a dynamic natural element to the lighting scheme. "The intricate lighting design makes the church glow like a lantern," says Gotti, "making it a spiritual focal point for the Munich community."
GE Awards of Excellence recognize the achievements of the other five finalists in the competition:
Science Museum in London
In the Wellcome Wing at the Science Museum in London, architecture and light combine to form a backdrop for wonder. Three floors floating in blue light won an award for the Amsterdam design team Hollands Licht.
Concrete walls are covered with scrims backlit by custom asymmetric washlights using over 1500 55-watt Biax compact fluorescents with blue gels. The uniform spread of blue light creates a borderless space for continuously changing exhibits.
Brightly lit orange spaces, marking elevator lobbies and restrooms, are created using vivid orange paint on the walls and two-lamp 26-watt Biax downlights.
A glazed facade admits sunlight into the space, controlled by a special "sandwich" assembly of perforated metal, colored glass, and microlouvers that limit illuminance to 3.5 lux.
Gilmore Music Library
The new Irving S. Gilmore Music Library at Yale University was created by filling in a courtyard that had brought air and light into the existing library. Ripman Lighting Associates' design for the music library creates "a new, superbly serviceable space that preserves the lighting qualities of the courtyard that brought it into being," according to the jury.
The new roof's magnificent arching trusses recall the flying buttresses of medieval cathedrals. To reinforce this concept, the lighting design uplights the roof's metal deck with continuous coves of F96T12/HO./SP30 lamps.
Asymmetrical luminaires, with energy-efficient PulseArc Multi-Vapor metal halide and Lucalox high-pressure sodium lamps, blend to provide even illumination with incandescent-like color over the entire underside of the roof. The new uplit roof seems to float above the parapets of the old courtyard.
To bring a sense of scale and focus to the space, custom metal halide torchieres rise from the railing along the mezzanine, and related sconces punctuate the lower walls. Supplemental fluorescent task lighting serves book stacks, reading tables, and study carrels.
George Washington Bridge
New York's George Washington Bridge, completed in 1931, is the most traveled bridge in the world, with over 80 million vehicles crossing the Hudson River into Manhattan every year. Domingo Gonzalez Associates won an Award of Excellence for lighting the bridge with a simple, clean design that responds to the purity and symmetry of the bridge's structure. The jury described it as "a radiant addition to New York's 21st century night-time skyline."
Conceptually, the lighting design celebrates the scale of the bridge's two towers with a single, strong lighting "brush stroke." The towers are uplit from within using 1000-watt Multi-Vapor metal halide floodlights. The top sections of the towers are made perceptibly brighter to give a visual crescendo to the structure.
To ensure visual uniformity and light distribution, the quantity of luminaires are positioned to accommodate the changing plan and varying heights of the structure at each level. Ease of maintenance, accessibility to service elevators, and avoidance of direct or reflected glare for vehicles and adjacent structures were also factors determining the location of luminaires.
Seattle's landmark Space Needle is now entirely illuminated with permanent lighting. Competition judges found that the solution of Ross De Alessi Lighting Design "enhances, embraces, and respects the monument and guest facilities without impeding views."
In-ground louvered fixtures with 70-watt ConstantColor CMH ceramic metal halide lamps uplight a new nautilus-shaped ramp that encircles the Space Needle, and 70-watt Multi-Vapor metal halide in-ground uplights delineate the legs. The building's radiating uplight is reinforced with deeply shielded 1000-watt Multi-Vapor spotlights.
Spotlights with 1000-watt Multi-Vapor lamps and amber dichroic lenses uplight the Space Needle's lacy "Halo Ring." Concealed behind the Ring's louvers, asymmetric luminaires with high output 4100K fluorescent lamps silhouette the ring.
To satisfy the client's request for a dramatic millennium "Legacy of Light" three 7000-watt "sky beams" are installed at the top of the Space Needle, forming an impressive column of light that is turned on for special holidays and events.
Telekom Service Center
In Munich, an 1864 maternity hospital has been completely reconstructed as a new Telekom Service Center. The building's lighting design, by Lichtplanung Erwin Doering, plays an integral role in this transformation. Said the judges: "it responds to the spatial variations of the structure, and respects the architectural characteristics of the building, while meeting the visual needs of employees."
The lighting in the high-ceilinged reception area features two configurations: a daytime scene to support the incoming daylight and a nighttime scene.
Custom light steles were fitted into 10-foot- (3-meter-) long recesses extending lengthwise along the column corners, creating rectangular columns. Each stele has a lower and upper lamp head, with 20-watt and 50-watt low-voltage halogen lamps, respectively. These lamps direct warm light downward to the floor and upward to the ceiling vaults.
Daylight-supporting illumination is provided by a higher color-temperature slim-line discharge lamp enclosed in white glass.
In adjacent customer service halls, 55-watt Biax compact fluorescent lamps and 100-watt Multi-Vapor metal lamps combine with sail-type light elements suspended from the ceiling to create direct and indirect illumination scenes for nighttime and daytime use.
In addition to these six winners, there were eight Awards of Merit announced.
The GE Edison Award Competition is sponsored by GE Lighting, which manufactures approximately 7,000 lamp products for the commercial, industrial, and consumer markets internationally.